Case report: Button battery lodged in esophagus for a year

2023 08 23 17 31 8374 2023 08 22 Battery X Ray 20230823174744

The case of a two-year-old girl with a button battery lodged in her esophagus for 12 months highlights the urgent need for imaging examinations in patients with a history of difficulty in swallowing, doctors from Tanzania have reported.

A team of surgeons at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Moshi removed a button battery from the child by thoracotomy after identifying the object on x-ray and CT exams.

"Luckily the battery case was intact during removal, preventing overt toxic alkaline hydrolysis from its contacts," wrote corresponding author Dr. Kennedy Misso and colleagues, in an article published on 20 August in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports.

Foreign body ingestion is frequent among children under four years old, with button batteries among the most common objects involved, the authors wrote.

In this case, a two-year-old girl presented with a one-year history of progressive difficulty in swallowing. She had experienced unintentional weight loss of nearly two kilograms in recent months and had been recently treated empirically for pneumonia at nearby facilities without significant relief, the authors noted.

Posteroanterior chest x-ray and sagittal view of the thoracic CT revealing a foreign body in the thoracic esophagus. Image courtesy of the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports through CC BY 4.0.Posteroanterior chest x-ray and sagittal view of the thoracic CT revealing a foreign body in the thoracic esophagus. Image courtesy of the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports through CC BY 4.0.

A chest x-ray revealed a halo sign and a thoracic CT scan showed a round object obstructing her esophagus. Attempts to visualize and retrieve the foreign body endoscopically were unsuccessful, and the surgeons performed a thoracotomy to retrieve it.

"A month later, she had gained two kilograms, she was playful, and feeding normally," the group wrote.

The authors noted that the battery was removed within a "false diverticulum" – a pouch in the child's esophagus that had formed due to prolonged esophageal irritation and intraluminal pressure. Typically, in pediatrics, diverticula are rare and typically stem from congenital anomalies.

"A high suspicion index and radiological investigations are needed when evaluating children with respiratory tract infections. Early diagnosis is the key to achieving successful endoscopic removal with minimal morbidity," the group concluded.

The full case report can be found here.

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