Cardiologists and radiologists at 15 medical centers in eight countries, led by Dr. João Lima and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, said they have enrolled the first dozen patients in a year-long investigation to determine if perfusion CT can outperform SPECT and other diagnostic tests in tracking the earliest signs of coronary artery stenosis.
Trial participants, all referred for invasive angiography for symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, or fatigue, will also undergo SPECT MPI and 320-detector-row CT (Aquilion One, Toshiba America Medical Systems, Tustin, CA) perfusion imaging.
"Our study goal is to figure out how well various imaging tests measure the degree of blockage or narrowing in any particular artery and therefore which is more useful in predicting patients who need catheterization or angioplasty, or bypass surgery," Lima said in a statement. "Some patients would do just as well or better with drug therapy to maintain a healthy blood flow to the heart, but we need to better sort out who they are with more accuracy."
CT perfusion is fast and exposes patients to less radiation than SPECT, investigators said. If performed correctly, 320-detector-row CT involves an average radiation exposure of about 8 mSv, compared to 10-26 mSv for SPECT and 2-10 mSv for invasive angiography.
Participating CORE 320 sites include Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston; the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in Bethesda, MD; the University of Toronto in Canada; the University of Copenhagen in Denmark; Charité Medical University in Berlin; Iwate Medical University in Morioka, Japan, and two other Japanese centers; and universities in Singapore and Brazil.
By Eric Barnes
By AuntMinnie.com staff writers
February 10, 2010
Stress perfusion CT adds value to coronary CT angiography, February 9, 2010
Contrast dose halved in coronary CTA, December 2, 2009
DECT cuts tests as a one-stop myocardial, coronary artery exam, August 10, 2009
Adenosine stress DECT equivalent to SPECT, MRI, November 21, 2008
Stress MPI with Tc-99m SPECT identifies high-risk obese patients, September 1, 2006
Copyright © 2010 AuntMinnie.com