Belgian team warns about health effects of vaping
April 24, 2019 -- Two senior radiologists from Belgium have issued a fresh warning about the potentially harmful effects of electronic cigarettes on health, and they have called for more research into this emerging field. Their findings are to be presented soon at the European Society of Thoracic Imaging congress in Paris.  Discuss
Conebeam CT mitigates cardiac motion during imaging
April 23, 2019 -- Robotic C-arm conebeam CT helps guide interventional cardiac surgical procedures and can be valuable in radiotherapy, but the intrinsic motion of the beating heart causes blurring and image artifacts. A new technique can help overcome this limitation.  Discuss
AI can segment white-matter hyperintensities on MRI
April 22, 2019 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are capable of segmenting cerebral white-matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin on brain MR images as well as or better than human observers, enabling more reliable quantification of these lesions, according to the results of a recent AI developer challenge.  Discuss
3D-bioprinted model mimics real human heart properties
April 22, 2019 -- Researchers from Israel have created a 3D-printed model that captures the immunological, biochemical, cellular, and anatomical properties of a real human heart, according to an article published online on 15 April in Advanced Science.  Discuss
New MR elastography method may speed up brain scans
April 19, 2019 -- A global team of investigators believes it is on track to cut the time of an MRI brain scan to milliseconds with an MR elastography technique. The study was published online on 17 April in Science Advances.  Discuss
Multidirectional spectroscopy enables human neuroimaging
April 18, 2019 -- Researchers have used a multidirectional functional near-infrared spectroscopy system for human neuroimaging. Their novel approach produces a richer dataset and could improve 3D visualization of brain activity.  Discuss
Can AI help radiologists detect prostate cancer?
April 18, 2019 -- A team of researchers from the U.S. has developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm that could enable less-experienced radiologists to better detect prostate cancer on multiparametric MRI. The group reported the findings at the recent IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging in Venice, Italy.  Discuss
Tips and tricks for imaging the pelvic floor
April 17, 2019 -- A key strength of MRI is it allows accurate anatomic and functional evaluation of the three pelvic compartments, enabling the correct identification of the compartments involved, according to award-winning Portuguese researchers. It often leads to identification of other causes of genitourinary complaints, they said.  Discuss
BMJ: Mammography skeptics attack AgeX trial design
April 16, 2019 -- A team of British researchers known for past criticism of screening mammography is arguing that the design of the U.K.'s Age Extension Trial of Breast Cancer Screening (AgeX) is flawed. The group believes evidence from the trial should not be used to justify extending breast screening beyond existing age ranges, according to an analysis published online on 10 April in BMJ.  Discuss
Late pregnancy ultrasound could reduce C-section rate
April 16, 2019 -- A U.K. group has found that late pregnancy ultrasound scans at 36 weeks help women avoid undiagnosed breech presentation of their babies, translating to healthier deliveries, lower rates of emergency cesarean sections (C-sections), and perhaps even lower healthcare costs, according to a study published on 16 April in PLOS Medicine.  Discuss
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