Single-view digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) could use a little help from artificial intelligence (AI), according to research published on 6 July in Radiology.
Researchers led by Maria Pinto from Radboud University in the Netherlands found that a single-view DBT and AI setup could allow for more effective screening with higher performance -- especially in terms of an increase in cancers detected -- than using single-view DBT alone.
The study authors said that radiologists improved their cancer detection performance and that the combined use of AI and DBT could allow for a more cost-effective screening program with higher performance and a lower workload for the radiologists.
Interpreting DBT images is challenging because of the higher volume of data that needs evaluation compared with interpreting conventional 2D digital mammography images. Pinto and colleagues wanted to see if adding AI to DBT could improve reading time and the performance of radiologists for breast cancer detection.
The team looked at breast exams acquired between June 2016 and February 2018 with a wide-angle DBT system. The median age of the patients was 54 years. Fourteen breast screening radiologists interpreted 190 DBT images from 190 women. Reading was performed in two sessions with a random mix of examinations being read with and without AI decision and navigation support.
The examination-based reader-averaged area under the curve was higher when interpreting results with AI support (0.88) than when reading unaided (0.85, p = 0.01). The average sensitivity increased with AI support (86%) than without it (81%, p = 0.006). The researchers found no statistically significant differences in specificity or reading time.
The team recommended that prospective, international, and multicenter screening studies be conducted to determine the impact of using AI-aided, single-view DBT for screening.