New study identifies short pandemic diagnostic mammography intervals

2016 11 09 12 19 04 135 Mammogram Patient 400

It's possible to keep diagnostic mammography exam intervals short, even during a pandemic, according to a study conducted by Canadian researchers and published on 18 June in European Radiology.

The team of researchers, led by Dr. Priscila Crivellaro from St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, also found that a higher percentage of patients completed their follow-up on their initial visit in 2020, compared with one year prior.

"Our study showed a statistically significant decrease in the diagnostic interval for patients from the pandemic group who did not require tissue sampling for completion of their assessment, as well as for patients requiring tissue sampling with a final benign diagnosis," the study authors wrote.

Before the COVID-19 pandemic hit North America, wait times for follow-up imaging tests and biopsies were determined by booking availability in the breast imaging department, as well as the time it took to access the referring clinician report.

But since screening mammography came to a temporary halt during the first few months of the pandemic -- allowing medical facilities to preserve resources for possible frontline interactions and giving staff the opportunity to self-isolate if needed -- diagnostic screening was also delayed: a situation that can increase patient anxiety, risk of lymph node metastasis, tumor size, and rates of local recurrence and mortality among women with early-stage breast cancer, according to the group.

To avoid this delay, during the pandemic, St. Michael's radiology department was restructured to a rapid diagnostic unit with the goal of completing all diagnostic tests in the least number of visits possible, according to Crivellaro and colleagues.

The team sought to assess whether this restructuring did in fact maintain appropriate time-to-diagnosis timelines, even in the pandemic, through a study that included data from 77 breast imaging patients during April to June, 2020, when the pandemic struck North America, and from 64 patients from April to June, 2019, before the pandemic.

The restructuring was effective: Crivellaro's group found that the time to diagnostic exam actually decreased during the pandemic. It also found that in the pandemic group, 50.6% of patients had their diagnostic assessment completed during the initial screening visit, compared with the 23.4% in the prepandemic group (p = 0.0009).

Diagnostic interval reductions in breast imaging patients during and before COVID-19 pandemic
Patient type Prepandemic group Pandemic group p-value
Entire cohort 15 days 1 day < 0.0001
Patients not requiring tissue sampling 11 days 1 day < 0.0001
Patients requiring tissue sampling with benign pathology 33 days 9 days 0.0002

From these results, study authors said that despite reductions in manpower and clinical services during the pandemic, it is possible to maintain a diagnostic breast imaging service for women at high clinical suspicion for breast cancer.

"Departmental restructuring and patient navigation during pandemic times [can] either maintain or shorten the diagnostic interval for patients presenting for diagnostic mammography," the group concluded.

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