The findings suggest that CAD is a useful tool when utilized with DBT, which can increase reading time due to the fact that it produces a 3D image, wrote a team led by Dr. Eun Young Chae of the University of Ulsan College of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea.
"Interpretation of DBT studies may be challenging for radiologists partially because it involves the analysis of a series of thin slices through the breast, which requires longer reading time than that associated with FFDM [full-field digital mammography]," the authors wrote. "To address the challenges of reviewing DBT studies, computer-aided detection software may help radiologists detect cancers and improve efficiency in the DBT interpretation workflow."
Because little research has been conducted exploring the use of CAD with DBT, Chae's group evaluated a DBT-CAD system they developed for the study to assess DBT interpretation and reading time between novice and experienced readers.
They included 100 DBT cases, 70 of which were malignant and 30 of which were benign. Most patients had heterogeneously dense or extremely dense tissue (82%). Four radiologists read the exams -- two experienced and two novice -- and each reader had two sessions separated by a two-month interval, one with CAD and one without. The researchers compared each reader's performance using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values and tracked reading time for each case.
They found no statistically significant difference in AUC for DBT exam interpretations for BI-RADS scale categories with CAD (0.778) and without CAD (0.776). However, reading times for both experienced and beginner readers decreased by 14% when CAD was used, from 72 seconds to 62 seconds. This reading time reduction was seen in both novice and experienced readers, the group noted.
|Average DBT exam interpretation time by reader, without and with CAD
||Reading time without CAD in seconds
||Reading time with CAD in seconds
Adding CAD to DBT exam interpretation improves reading time without negatively affecting the diagnostic performance of the radiologist.
"Although the impact of adding DBT to FFDM on the diagnostic performance may vary according to the experience level of the readers, the effect of CAD on DBT interpretation could be consistent regardless of their experience," Chae and colleagues concluded. "In this study, the novice readers performed as well as the experienced readers in all aspects with and without CAD."
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