The aim of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology "Door-to-balloon: an alliance for quality" campaign is to increase the percentage of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in whom infarct artery patency is achieved within 90 minutes of symptom onset, the authors explain.
Dr. Michael F. Dorsch and colleagues from Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, U.K., investigated the impact of prehospital paramedic electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis and subsequent direct transfer to the cardiac catheterization laboratory on door-to-balloon and call-to-balloon times in primary PCI.
Compared to patients admitted via the emergency room, the authors report, direct ambulance admission significantly reduced door-to-balloon times (from 105 minutes to 58 minutes) and call-to-balloon times (from 143 to 105 minutes).
Ninety-four percent of patients admitted directly from the ambulance met the 90-minute door-to-balloon time, the report indicates, compared with only 29% of patients referred from the emergency department.
Both door-to-balloon and call-to-balloon times were significantly longer outside normal working hours and in women compared with men, the researchers note.
Thirty-day and 12-month mortality were lower for patients admitted directly, the investigators say, but the differences were not statistically significant.
"Prehospital paramedic ECG diagnosis of STEMI and subsequent direct ambulance admission to the cardiac catheterization laboratory dramatically reduces door-to-balloon times in primary PCI, enabling almost all patients to be treated within the 90-minute target," the authors conclude. "We believe this approach should be a key element of any contemporary primary PCI service."
Am Heart J 2008;155:1054-1058.
Last Updated: 2008-07-22 13:34:58 -0400 (Reuters Health)
Recommended door-to-balloon times rarely achieved for MI-related PCI in U.S., February 11, 2005
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