Moments in radiology history: X-ray's early martyrs April 13, 2012 -- How do you make sure a fluoroscope is warmed up? How about putting your hand in front of the x-ray tube until your finger bones appear? That's how early physicians approached the new x-rays discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. Many of these doctors became radiology's first martyrs.
Mobile CT saves precious minutes in stroke care April 12, 2012 -- German researchers have shaved more than a half hour off the normal time it takes to respond to urgent calls for stroke care by equipping an ambulance with a CT scanner and other communication equipment, which sends patients' vital information to the hospital before the patient arrives.
Evidence gathers behind new CT reconstruction method April 12, 2012 -- An investigational raw-data-based iterative reconstruction scheme is getting high marks for image quality and dose reduction. Several research groups compared the reconstruction technique with standard filtered back-projection reconstructed images and found higher-quality images at around half the dose.
Brain drain continues to pose severe challenges in Hungary April 11, 2012 -- The dire circumstances driving Hungary's brain drain of experienced specialist doctors -- typified by poor recognition, long hours, and low wages -- are only deteriorating, and it's tough to be optimistic about the future, according to a top radiologist from Budapest.
MR enterography compares favorably to endoscopy, histology April 11, 2012 -- MR enterography is both sensitive and specific for the detection of Crohn's disease compared to both endoscopy and histology, and should be used in place of other methods in young patients when it's feasible to do so, according to a study in the European Journal of Radiology.
CAD helps identify high-grade prostate tumors April 10, 2012 -- A fully automated prostate cancer detection system based on multiparametric MRI analysis has shown promise in the detection of high-grade tumors, according to Dutch research. In addition to helping identify cancer locations, a computer-aided detection (CAD) system may help guide biopsy toward the most aggressive parts of tumors.
Breast cancer incidence escalates in India April 9, 2012 -- India has been experiencing an increase in breast cancer that is reaching epidemic proportions, according to a news report published in theLancet. By 2020, the disease is expected to overtake cervical cancer as the most common type of cancer among all women in India.
CERN fosters collaboration for medical advances April 6, 2012 -- CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is renowned for its pioneering research in fundamental physics -- investigating the origins of the universe and how it works. Some of its tools, such as particle accelerators and advanced detectors, also play an invaluable role in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine.
Decision-support algorithm helps classify breast MR lesions April 5, 2012 -- German researchers have developed a decision-support tool that can help radiologists differentiate lesions on breast MRI studies with a high degree of accuracy. It could ultimately be automated or used with existing tools such as computer-aided detection.
Video capsule endoscopy transforms small bowel imaging April 4, 2012 -- Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) surpasses CT enterography and CT enteroclysis in detecting flat, small bowel lesions, but retrospective VCE and CT enterography findings in obscure bleeding need further evaluation, and an unbiased comparison of the two procedures is still needed.